Quetzalcoatl, god of the life, the light and wisdom, lord of the winds and the day, ruler of the West. , while his main festival – the Toxcatl ceremony, was celebrated in the month of May. God of life, light, wisdom, fertility and knowledge, pattern of the day and the winds, is the ruler of the west, and is considered as"The Feathered Serpent." Tezcatlipoca is the Aztec god of fire and of the night. Coming to history, the figure of Tezcatlipoca was possibly inspired by earlier Mesoamerican deities, including the Mayan, . And it was on this island that they witnessed the prophecy of “an eagle with a snake in its beak, perched on a prickly pear cactus” – which led to the founding of the massive city of Tenochtitlan in circa 1325 AD, by ‘refugees’. In the mythical narrative, as we fleetingly mentioned before (in the Quetzalcoatl entry), Mictlantecuhtli played his role in delaying the Feathered Serpent from gathering the bones of humans in his underworld realm Mictlán. Fasting. He was the most powerful and feared Aztec god. This initial mass sacrifice by the deities was not enough, however; they also called on the Aztecs to continually perform human sacrifices as a means to maintain the movement of the sun as well as to repay the deities for their sacrifices. The Aztec goddess of ‘collected’ water on earth, thus embodying rivers, lakes, and oceans, Chalchiuhtlicue was considered as the female (protector) deity of navigation, childbirth, and newborn babies. IV. His success was the result of a combination of factors: Montezuma’s initial suspicion that … The myth reports that during the 5th Sun, Quetzalcoatl spotted a red ant carrying a maize kernel.He followed the ant and reached the place where maize grew, the “Mountain of Sustenance”, or … In order to ensure that the Aztec covenant with the gods would be renewed, victims were drugged, roasted alive, and had their hearts cut out. All they had was a swampy lake. Ometecuhtli, (Nahuatl: “Two-Lord”) Aztec deity, “Lord of the Duality” or Lord of Life, who represented one aspect of the cosmic duality of the Aztec tradition. Among the major Aztec gods and goddesses. Interestingly enough, in that regard,  she was often venerated as the wife (or sister) of, , while in some cases, she was even worshipped as the feminine form of, In the narrative of the Aztec lore, Chalchiuhtlicue plays a crucial role in the Mexica version of the deluge myth, as she is the one to bring forth the cataclysmic flood and destroy the world of the Fourth Sun (the world of the Fifth Sun is once again populated by humans due to the efforts of. Huehueteotl may be the oldest of the Aztec gods and representations of him can be found all over Mesoamerica going back centuries. (the patron god of sun and war). He had to (hopelessly) fend off an experienced Aztec warrior/s fully armed and armored. Aztec mythology holds that the god Quetzalcoatl gave maize to humans. Duality Picture Frame designed by Admin Store. He ruled over the element of water. He was usually depicted with a red or yellow face and a censer on his head. The deity of the hunt, Mixcoatl, among the major Aztec gods, has a pretty complex history in the mythical narrative. Talking of the mythical narrative, according to most versions, Xochiquetzal was originally the wife of rain god, but was later abducted and forced to marry. It has been speculated that this god has its origins in either the Olmec or the Yope culture. Interesting Facts about Aztec Daily Life. Suffice it to say, with the imagery of flayed skin and also the cult of death (and rebirth) associated with Xipe Totec, the Mexica people tended to venerate this Aztec god with human sacrifices – mostly carried out during the March festival of Tlacaxipehualiztli (meaning ‘flaying of men’). A fierce deity representing the Fifth Sun (the final era in Aztec mythology, i.e., the present age), Tonatiuh, among all the major Aztec gods and goddesses, was probably the one who was most associated with the act of ritual sacrifice. entry), Mictlantecuhtli played his role in delaying the Feathered Serpent from gathering the bones of humans in his underworld realm Mictlán. Major Aztec Gods 1- Huitzilopochtli . , was venerated as the creator of mankind and earth. After his ‘glorious’ death, his skin was ritually flayed, painted yellow, and worn by reenactors of Xipe Totec (usually slaves), who were then worshipped and treated as gods by the local people. In all aspects of life, the Aztecs stressed frugality, simplicity and moderation. Huehueteotl represents light, warmth, and life against darkness, cold, and death. Counted among the most important of Aztec gods (and Mesoamerican divine entities), Quetzalcoatl, regarded as the son of… Aztec priest performing a sacrificial offering of a living human heart to the war god Huitzilopochtli, illustration from a reproduction of the Codex Magliabecchi. Design Your Own. Tezcatlipoca - Tezcatlipoca was a powerful god associated with many things including magic, the night, and the earth. His color is black and he is considered to be the god of the North. Facts about Aztec Gods 4: Mictlantecuhtli. Among the major Aztec gods and goddesses, Xochiquetzal (also known as Ichpōchtli – meaning ‘maiden’) was a feminine deity of beauty, sexual love and power, fertility, and arts and crafts. Quetzalcoatl - Quetzalcoatl was the god of life and wind. He was also the god of merchants and of arts, crafts, and knowledge. This nature of the conflict was also epitomized by Huitzilopochtli association to warfare – and as such, he was accompanied by his entourage of fallen warriors (whose spirits returned to earth as hummingbirds) and women who died during childbirth (which was perceived as an act of bravery). In any case, he was one of the major Aztec gods in the later pantheon whose temple was situated south of the Great Temple in Tenochtitlan, while his main festival – the Toxcatl ceremony, was celebrated in the month of May. 03.02 The Aztecs 1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Aztec_gods_and_supernatural_beings Home » Blog Posts » Culture » 12 Major Aztec Gods and Goddesses You Should Know About. The following is a list of fertility deities. Dual Round Car Magnet designed by Admin Store. In essence, Ometecuhtli (or Ometeotl) espoused the antithetical factors of nature, with the masculine and feminine sides representing the light and dark, chaos and order, and even in some respects good and evil. Huitzilopochtli (pronounced Weetz-ee-loh-POSHT-lee and meaning "Hummingbird on the Left") was one of the most important of the Aztec gods, the god of the sun, warfare, military conquest and sacrifice, who according to tradition, led the Mexica people from Aztlan, their mythical homeland, into Central Mexico.According to some scholars, Huitzilopochtli could have been a historical figure, … The very term ‘Aztec’ has a mythological lineage since it is derived from Aztlan (or ‘Place of Whiteness’ in connotative meaning), the mythical place of origin for the Nahuatl-speaking culture. Like most mythologies, the Aztec pantheon was also ‘topped off’ with a primordial god. However, given the violent loss of her physical form, the monster (now embodying the earth) thirsts for blood and hearts – thus alluding to the grisly practice of human sacrifice. Now as the Aztec god of death, Mictlantecuhtli was perceived as the singular entity that all human souls had to encounter, regardless of their righteousness or immorality. There was a god for almost every purpose and aspect of life in the Aztec culture. On the symbolic level, she was also seen as the embodiment of earth – however, with dual characteristics – that of a loving, nourishing mother and of an insatiable force that required the lifeblood of its hosts. He was an important ‘aspect’ (or guise) of the great creator god Quetzalcóatl (Feathered Serpent or Quetzal-plumed Snake). This nature of the conflict was also epitomized by Huitzilopochtli association to warfare – and as such, he was accompanied by his entourage of fallen warriors (whose spirits returned to earth as hummingbirds) and women who died during childbirth (which was perceived as an act of bravery). Tezcatlipoca is the Aztec god of fire and of the night. Among the major Aztec gods and goddesses, Mictlantecuhtli was the deity of death and the underworld and was usually associated with creatures like owls, spiders, and bats (along with the direction of the south). The lack of any formal cult is possibly explained by the Aztec belief system that placed Ometecuhtli in the 13th heaven (symbolically, the highest plane) that made the entity ‘disconnected’ from the affairs of the ‘lower’ Aztec gods and mortals. Centeotl (sometimes spelled Cinteotl or Tzinteotl and sometimes called Xochipilli or "Flower Prince") was the main Aztec god of American corn, known as maize. See Details. RealmofHistory(C)2019. Incredibly enough, it was the latter who elevated her to the position of the goddess of love – thus somewhat mirroring a political rivalry between the major Aztecs deities. Husband of Chalchiuhtlicue, fertility and vegetation goddess. And in case we have not attributed or misattributed any image, artwork or photograph, we apologize in advance. Counted among the most important of Aztec gods (and Mesoamerican divine entities), Quetzalcoatl, regarded as the son of the primordial god Ometecuhtli, was venerated as the creator of mankind and earth. human sacrifice to the Aztec war god, Huitzilopochtli. Duality. Next Question > Huitzilopochtli. Marriage Most Aztec men got married around the age of 20. While the most powerful positions in the Aztec pantheon were reserved for male gods, some of the Aztec goddesses also had considerable powers and their worship was a regular feature of Aztec life. Aztec mythology is the body or collection of myths of Aztec civilization of Central Mexico. Marshall H. Saville; Alec Christensen (eds.). Major Aztec Gods: Quetzalcoatl. stockcam / iStock / Getty Images The earliest example of Quetzalcoatl, or at least a Feathered Serpent god, comes from the Classic period (200–600 CE) city of Teotihuacán, where one … To join over 5,600 other subscribers, simply provide your email address: Like most mythologies, the Aztec pantheon was also ‘topped off’ with a primordial god. And Tonatiuh, as the sun, needed such nourishment so that he can defeat darkness on a daily basis to rise effulgently during the morning. to the Quiché (of Guatemala), etymologically, the very name ‘Quetzalcoatl’ comes from the combination of the Nahuatl words for the quetzal – the emerald plumed bird, and, . Coming to history, the figure of Tezcatlipoca was possibly inspired by earlier Mesoamerican deities, including the Mayan Tohil. Furthermore, two different Aztec goddesses –  Tocih “our grandmother”, and Cihuacóatl “snake woman” (who was worshipped as the patron goddess of women who died during childbirth) were perceived as the aspects of Coatlicue herself. In one version of the Aztec creation myth, the world was created and destroyed four times (each age associated with the sun), with some of the tumultuous episodes being borne by the fighting between Quetzalcóatl and his brother Tezcatlipoca. The Nahuatl moniker comes from the mythical narrative where the Aztec god flayed his own skin to feed humanity, thus symbolizing how maize sheds its outer skin cover before germination (‘rebirth’). Interestingly enough, while in the Aztec pantheon, Mixcoatl played a secondary role to, , he was sometimes worshipped as the ‘red’ aspect of, (‘The Smoking Mirror’), an entity responsible for striking the first fire with flint. With his association with rain and consequent fertility, Tláloc was probably worshipped as a beneficent Aztec god. However, given the violent loss of her physical form, the monster (now embodying the earth) thirsts for blood and hearts – thus alluding to the grisly practice of human sacrifice. In essence, all of these narratives place her as the supreme matronly goddess of the Aztec mythology who nourishes through her feminine abilities (as opposed to the abstruse nature of double gender presented by. In another myth, the god along with his brother Tezcatlipoca fashions the earth out of Cipactli, a female serpent-like monster. His name means "feathered serpent" and he was usually drawn as a serpent which could fly, very much like a dragon. 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